Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease that is found in parts of the tropics, subtropics, and southern Europe. It is classified as a Neglected Tropical Disease (NTD). Leishmaniasis is caused by infection withLeishmania parasites, which are spread by the bite of phlebotomine sand flies.

 The most common forms are Cutaneous Leishmaniasis, which causes skin sores, and Visceral Leishmaniasis, which affects several internal organs (usually spleen, liver, and bone marrow).